Felting Terms 101
Carders: Equipment used to separate wool fibers and/or blending different types of colors of wool for spinning or making felt. Carders have fine wires set in leather or synthetic rubber cloth attached to a wooden base.The same for hand carders. Example of a drum carder and an example of a hand carder.
Carding: Using carders to tease and open wool out to separate the individual fibers.
Felt: A fabric resulting from interlocking and entangling wool fibers by way of moisture and friction. They fibers are transformed into a compact mass and become felt.
Felting Needle: A long needle with barbs on the end. Used for hand, machine and industrial felting. The barbs on the needle hook onto the fibers and interlock them with each other.
Fleece: Unprocessed wool taken from a sheep or fibers taken from alpacas. (I don't know if its used for other animal coats.)
Fulling: After the felting process is complete, it is rubbed on a rough surface, thrown gently and even slammed on the work surface to force the fibers to become more intertwined and firmer.
Inlay: This is a technique in felt design in which pre-felted pieces are placed on a background batt of wool fibers and the whole piece is then felted together.
Cotton Muslin: Soft loosely woven cotton fabric.
Merino: A breed of sheep producing a beautiful fine wool that is best for making clothing from when it is felted. They are bred mainly in Australia, New Zealand and South Africa
Micron: The measurement of fiber thickness. The lower the number the finer the fiber.
Nuno Felt: is a fabric felting technique developed by Polly Stirling, a fiber artist from New South Wales, Australia, around 1992. The name is derived from the Japanese word "nuno" meaning cloth. The technique bonds loose fiber, usually wool, into a sheer fabric such as silk gauze, creating a lightweight felt.
Resist: A plastic template used in making hollow felted formes to prevent layers of fibres felting together for example: hats, bags, boots, pockets, etc
Scales: The hooks which can be see on the wool fibre under a microscope. Felt is made from the wool when these hooks interlock and tighten the fabric.
Staple: The length the wool grows on the sheep. It can be long or short staple
Throwing: A process in making felt. The bundle of felt is repeatedly dropped gently or can be slammed. This process is done at the end of the felting process. The fibres hook together even more and the felt becomes firmer